Patients with Coronary Micro vascular Dysfunction (CMVD) are a common occurrence, and despite the fair prognosis, many of them have a poor quality of life due to angina symptoms that limit their daily activities. The most common clinical presentation pictures, such as stable and unstable micro vascular angina, are summarized in this article. The main risk factors are discussed, followed by the most recent information on the topic, including pathogenic hypotheses, diagnostics, and treatment options. Micro vascular abnormalities that aren’t fully understood, such as slow flow and no reflow are explored, as well as prognosis and the disease’s influence on quality of life. Angina without Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is associated with significant morbidity and is found in 10% to 30% of individuals who undergo angiography. In 50 percent to 65 percent of these patients, Coronary Micro vascular Dysfunction (CMD) is evident. The best treatment for this group is unknown.
Published Date: 2022-05-10; Received Date: 2022-04-25