Journal of Biomedical Sciences

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Are the Effects of Fixed Orthodontic Treatment on Gingival Health Similar in Adolescents and Young Adults?

Fatma Karacaoglu, CagrÃâ€Å¾Ã‚± Gazioglu, Sevil Akkaya and Murat Akkaya

Objective: To compare the relationship of fixed orthodontic treatment and gingival health between adolescents and young adults.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was performed by searching the files of the patients treated by post-graduate student of Gazi University, Faculty Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics and includes 60 patients. Each group, adolescents (12-17 years, mean cronological age 14,06 ± 1,18 years) and young adults (18-32 years, mean cronological age 22,36 ± 2,82), is composed of thirty patients of similar sexes and skeletal anomalies. Each group had undertaken similar treatments (fixed orthodontic treatment with extraction and nonextraction). The gingival condition assessment covering visible plaque, visible inflammation, the gingival biotype, gingival recession and gingival overgrowth is carried out through oral clinical photographs of pre- and post-treatment.

Results: The average value of visible inflammation in gingiva and of gingival recession showed statistically significant increase on adults and the average values of visible plaque and inflammation demonstrated a likewise increase on adolescents when the treatment was finished. Change in gingival biotype wasn’t found statistically significant in both groups.

Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the responds of the periodontal tissue during orthodontic treatment are better in adolescents than those of young adults.

Clinical Relevance: Before receiving orthodontic treatment, the periodontal condition of the patient should be in healthiest possible level and this has to be maintained during the treatment. And also, importance of the cooperation between patient, orthodontist and periodontolog should not be forgotten in the process of orthodontic treatment.