Mohammad Siraj Qadir1, Muhammad Ubaid Hafeez1*, Adeeba Sheikh1, Komal Hafeez1, Aaron Desai1, Mohammad I. Hirzallah1
Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) was first described by Adams et al. in 1959 as a combination of quadriparesis, pseudobulbar paralysis, and the distinctive myelin loss in the pons, attributable to alcoholism or malnutrition. ODS has since been commonly attributed to rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia. Other reported etiologies include alcohol withdrawal, liver transplantation, hypokalemia, hypernatremia as well as severe hyperglycemia. [2-6] (e1-20) Here, we describe a case of ODS associated with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and review the existing literature on hyperglycemia-related ODS.