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Depression in women with perimenopause in a rural community of Huimanguillo, Tabasco, Mexico

Marco Antonio Zavala-González

A concurrent study was carried out, in order to determine the prevalence of depression and associated factors in rural women with perimenopause, living in Huimanguillo, Tabasco, México. Sample consisted in 40 women, aged between 40-59 years, interviewed after previous informed consensus. The Apgar Familiar and Test of Depression of Zung were applied, obtaining sociodemographic and gynecobstetric information. Descriptive statistics and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence level (p≤0,05). Mean of age was 47,7±5,6 years. Depression prevalence was 55%. A significant association was found with school years: low OR 13,36 (IC95 1,45-122,88), medium-high OR 0,07 (IC95 0,01-0,69). Depression prevalence was bigger than the one reported by other authors; contrary to other studies, there was no difference found in frequency between premenopause y postmenopausal. Rates of age were in concordance with literature studied and school years figured as determinants.