Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience

  • ISSN: 2171-6625
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Efficacy of a Cognitive Training and Domotic Control Program (BCI) to Prevent Cognitive Impairment

Nuria Mendoza Laiz, Sagrario del Valle Diaz, Natalia Rioja Collado, Pablo Antonio Conde Guzon and Maria Teresa Gutierrez Fuentes

Over time, ageing can cause a state of disability and dependency. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive training and domotic control with a computer program (Brain Computer Interface, BCI). In order to do so, estimated neuropsychological performance of the subjects has been evaluated with the Luria-DNA neuropsychological battery before and after training. A quasi-experimental design of repeated measures is defined where five areas are evaluated: visuospatial, spoken language, memory, intellectual processes and an attention test. Said study was carried out at The State Reference Centre for Disability and Dependency (CRE Spanish initials), San Andrés del Rabanedo, León (Spain). 63 people took part, 31 subjects in the experimental group and 32 in the control group. The results showed an improvement in almost all of the measured variables, revealing a significant increase in the cognitive capacity of the experimental group when compared with the control group. It can be concluded that with appropriate cognitive training, elderly people can delay cognitive impairment and enjoy an active ageing process which can have an effect on their life in terms of improving their independence.