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Epidemiological, Clinical and Biological Characteristics of Cameroonian Children and Adolescents with Sickle-Cell Anemia

Chetcha Chemegni B, Bodieu Kenmegne A, Ngo Sack FF, Ngouadjeu E, Emelemie Megningue N,Bengondo C, Mbanya D

A total of 126 patients were included in the study- 65 girls and 61 boys. The mean age of the subjects was 8 ± 4 years (ranging from three to sixteen years). The most represented age group was that from 3-4 years of age. Most of the participants were from the Central Region (46%). All of the subjects were homozygous for hemoglobin SS. Subjects with yearly frequency of three vaso-occlusive crises represented 42.9% of the sample. 57.9% of the patients had been polytransfused within the past 3 years (>2 transfusions). Up to 45.2% of the patients had been hospitalized within the past year.