Archives of Medicine

  • ISSN: 1989-5216
  • Journal h-index: 17
  • Journal CiteScore: 4.25
  • Journal Impact Factor: 3.58
  • Average acceptance to publication time (5-7 days)
  • Average article processing time (30-45 days) Less than 5 volumes 30 days
    8 - 9 volumes 40 days
    10 and more volumes 45 days
Awards Nomination 20+ Million Readerbase
Indexed In
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Proquest Summons
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
  • Google Scholar
  • Secret Search Engine Labs
Share This Page


Long-term Mortality Outcomes of Hyperkalemic Patients in the Emergency Department Setting: A Case Control Study

Venu Velagapudi, John C O’Horo, Vladimir Glinskii, Mazen Al-Quadi, Philimon Gona, Aimee R Kroll-Desrosiers, Anu Vellanki, Jeffrey S Stoff

Background: The impact of an episode of hyperkalemia on long term mortality is not well studied. Such a study is vital for development of a utilization strategy for new drugs for the treatment of hyperkalemia. To study the long term impact of hyperkalemia on mortality, we conducted a retrospective, observational casecontrol study in a tertiary care emergency department. We compared cases of non-hemolyzed serum potassium >5.3 mEq/L with normokalemic controls. Allcause mortality and causes of death were determined from social security death index, national death index, and medical record review over a follow-up period of 490 patient years.

Methods and Findings: A total of 287 consecutive subjects (223 cases, 64 controls) were identified among 14,483 patients. Cox proportional hazard regression showed that for each 1 mEq/L increase in admit potassium, all-cause mortality Hazard Ratio was 1.54, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.22-1.96. Subgroup analyses showed higher mortality in acute kidney injury and heart failure patients.

Conclusion: Hyperkalemia predicted all-cause mortality, when adjusted for age, sex, Charlson comorbidity index, and significant covariates (heart failure and end stage renal disease). The deleterious effect of admit hyperkalemia persisted in survivors from index episode throughout the study period. Cardiovascular mortality was statistically more prevalent. Future studies are needed for risk stratification strategies and mortality impact of newer drugs.