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Translational Biomedicine

  • ISSN: 2172-0479
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Abstract

Low Birth Weight and Associated Factor among neonate Born

Seid SS*, Tolosa T and Adugna D

Birth weight is the first weight of the new born obtained immediately after birth with in the first hour of life before significant weight loss occurred after birth [1]. World Health Organization (WHO) classified birth weight as macrosomia, normal birth weight (NBW) and low birth weight (LBW). Low birth weight is defined as having a birth weight of less than 2500 g regardless of gestational age and is further classified as very low birth weight (VLBW), a new-born birth weight less than 1500 g and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) is a neonate having birth weight less than 1000 g at birth regardless gestational age [2]. Globally over the last twenty years the world made extensive progress in reducing mortality among less than 28 days aged children. Despite progress over the past two decades, in 2017 alone, 2.5 millions of neonates died, due to low birth weight, prematurity and other preventable causes of neonatal death [3]. Child who have Low birth weight children have immature immune function are also prone to have increased risk of disease, lower IQ and cognitive disabilities which could affect their performance in schoo