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Oral Health Status in Moroccan Hemodialysis Patients

Zajjari Y, Bagui M, Aatif T, ELKabbaj D and Sakout M

Context: An oral disease seems to be increased in people with chronic kidney disease. The manifestations of oral disease in the population may be related to a variety of factors, such as a relative state of immune suppression, medications, restriction of oral fluid intake, poor oral hygiene, malnutrition, and mouth breathing. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine oral hygiene behavior and oral health condition of our hemodialysis patients.
Methods and Material: Patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy at two hospitals were asked to finish a questionnaire and receive dental examination.
Results: A total of 56 adult hemodialysis were evaluated, the mean age of study was 54.05 ± 16.01 years and 57.1% was males. With regard to oral hygiene behavior, 29 (51.8%) patients brushed their teeth at least twice a day and 36 (64.3%) patients said they have used toothpick. However, 55 (98.2%) patients had never used dental floss and 50 (89.3%) patients had never used mouthwash. 43 (76.8%) of patients have not visited a dentist last year. The average DMF-T score of these patients was 11.9 ± 7.29 and the number of filled teeth (F-T) was only 1.3 ± 2.65. Thirteen hemodialysis patients (23.2%) were toothless and were provided with a full prosthesis.
Conclusions: This health situation analysis showed that dental care of our dialysis patients was not favorable, and there is a great need for dental treatment.