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Poverty and Level Society Health in East Nusa Tenggara

Frans Salesman, Stefanus Rodrick Juraman, MyrtatiDyah Artaria, Leonardus WD Setiawan and Rafael Paun

Introduction: Poverty is seen as an economic inability to meet the basic needs of food and non-food including the fulfillment healthy living and nutrition intake in the family. Purpose: Analyzing the state of poverty and public health status in East Nusa Tenggara 2012-2017. Results: Poverty in East Nusa Tenggara2012 by 20.40%, 2013 by 20.24%, 2014 by 22.61%, 2015 by 22.58%, 2016 by 22.01%, and 2017 by 21,85%,. The same period, the proportion of the poor to the population at the National level, in 2012 by 11.66%, 2013 by 11.47%, 2014 by 10.59%, 2015 by 11.13%, 2016 by 10.76%, and 2017 by 10.76%,. Poverty affects the low health status and nutrition status of the community, continuing to Life Expectancy Age and HDI. In 2017, the average Life Expectancy Age population of East Nusa Tenggarais 66.07 years old (compare national 71.06 years), and HDI of 63.73 (compare national 70.81) is ranked 32 out of 34 provinces in Indonesia. Conclusion: Poverty affects low ability to meet basic needs of life, health status, nutrition intake for infant and toddler growth in the future leads to low quality of life and competitiveness in the various opportunities available.