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Prevalence of Clinical Depression among Medical Students and Medical Professionals: A Systematic Review Study

Maureen Onyishi, Debjyoti Talukdar, Rapheal Sanchez, Ayoola Omowunmi Olaleye, Srinivas Medavarapu

Objectives: To examine relevant data on clinical depression among medical students and professionals and thus improve practices in the field.

Methods: Detailed analysis of 15 peer reviewed articles published between 1980-2016, the following electronic databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC and PubMed. Important articles were included after reviewing retrieved articles from various reference lists.

Results: The studies review therefore shows a higher trend of prevalence of depression. It is observed that it’s quite common among most of the medical students. It involves increased levels of burnout and suicidal ideation which is not inevitable among resident and consultants. Level of psychological distress it quite common among medical students and professionals. It has consistently increased higher as compared to the regional general population. In general, the studies show that the psychological suffering is higher for female physicians and medical students as compared to males.

Conclusion: Prevalence due to psychological distress among medical student and resident professionals around parts of the world is substantial. Future research should seek to identify and possibly eradicate unnecessary stressors.