Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Research

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Serocarriage of Ureaplasma Urealyticum in Male of Various Age Ranges and Occupation in Nnewi, Nnewi North Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria

Ochiabuto OMTB and Obeagu EI2

Introduction: Awareness about Ureaplasma urealyticum is not too poor in this part of the country especially among male populace. Male infertility is increasing in this part of the country and has been proved to be up to 30% cause of infertility among couples. Lack of awareness on the causes of increase of prostatitis and other related diseases has paved a way to higher incidence of this infection. Due to the fact that this infection is mostly assymptomic, it is therefore recommended that it should be tested at least once a year. Aim: A study to determine the serocarriage of Ureaplasma urealyticum in male of various age ranges and profession in Nnewi was conducted in a total of 93 subjects. Method: Ureaplasma urealyticum antigen was analysed using ELISA method with a commensally prepared kit (UUAB kit).Using internal built control. All method was as instructed in the user’s manual. Result: Results revealed that out of the 93 male in Nnewi (single and married) that were sampled 3(3.2%) showed a positive result to Ureaplasma urealyticum, while 90(96.8%) blood sample showed a negative result to Ureaplasma urealyticum. The highest prevalence of subject was within the age range of (18-24, 25-29 and 42-47) with a percentage of 33.3% respectively, there were no marked statistical differences. There were about seven (7) professions found within the area of study but the highest prevalence were traders with a percentage of 100%, there was no marked statistical difference. The highest prevalence of subject within the marital status are those married, with a percentage of 66.7% and there was no marked statistical difference. The subject with the number of children within the range of 2 and none were the highest serocarriage of this organism with a percentage of 66.7% and 1.1% respectively and there was a marked statistical difference of 0.02. Six states were found within the area of study but the highest prevalence were Enugu and Anambra with the percentage of 66.7% and 33.3% with no statistical differences. Conclusion: Serocarriage of Ureaplasma urealyticum can be said to be of low incidence probably because of the area of study and indiscriminate use of antibiotics in the study area.