Journal of Biomedical Sciences

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Sero-epidemiological Identification of Dengue Virus in Individuals at District Shangla, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Abid Ur Rehaman, Ihteshamul Haq, Muhammad Asghar, Ghazala Zarin Afridi , Shah Faisal, Abdullah*, Raza Ullah, Fazli Zahir, Muhammad Abbas, Fawad Ali, Habib Ullah, Qasir Azam, and Muhammad Irfan

The current study was performed to assess the serological aspects of dengue infected patients during 2018 at District Shangla, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. During 2018, a total of 1447 visited these hospitals. Blood samples from the patients at pathology laboratory. The data was taken from hospitals for the span of 5 months (August to December). A separate form was used to notice the gender and history of the individuals. The blood samples collected were screened for Dengue infection with the help of BIOLINE Dengue NS 1 Ag + Ab Combo Test. A total of 1447 blood samples were screened. Among them 554 were found positive for dengue fever whose acquired percentage was (38.28%), while 893 (61.71%) samples were determined with the negative outcome. With respects to patients age groups, there were 271 patients found positive with Dengue infection ages of 15 to 35 years with a percentage of (48.91%) which constitutes the majority of majority dengue infected patients. In the month wise estimation of the Dengue severity in the patients, a major outbreak was identified in September and October because of the rainy and post rainy season. It is concluded that approaches including biological, environmental, medicinal, as well as the educational awareness should be taken to overcome the infection. There is also a need of making teams for investigating the real cause and impacts of the dengue fever on the people of the district.