Raul Cesár Fortaleza Pinheiro, Claudio Gleidistone Lima Da Silva, Nádia Nara Rolim Lima and Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
Background: In Brazil of the 21st century, Afro-Brazilian people (black and pardo) still occupy different social spaces, which reflect directly in social indicators like schooling, work and health conditions below the standard. However, literature on the theme is still incipient and demands better and more theoretical foundation.
Methods: Systematic review according to the PRISMA protocol (http://www. prisma-statement.org/), in the BVS and PubMed, during the period from July 2007 to July 28 of 2017.
Finding: the nineteen selected studies allowed the creation of two large thematic groups: Epidemiological aspects of pathologies in the Afro-Brazilian people and Health epidemiological aspects of the Afro-Brazilian women.
Conclusion: Some common chronic pathologies are more common in Afro-Brazilian people compared with the other ethnical groups, such as Metabolic Syndrome (Hypertension, DM 2, Obesity) and Chronic Renal Insufficiency; infectocontagious pathologies like HIV/AIDS, tooth decay and Chagas disease; and mental disorders. In addition, smoking during pregnancy and anemia seem to be more prevalent in black women.