International Journal of Drug Development and Research

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"Study of dietary patterns and risk profile among the patients of Diabetes Mellitus in Bhubaneswar"-an Original Research article

Shubhransu Patro, Amit Kumar Adhya, Pramita Pal, Surya Narayan Mishra, Sujit Kumar Acharya

Background: The prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus is 2.4% among adults in rural areas and 4-11.6 % in urban dwellers. In recent years increasingly sedentary life styles and poor eating habits have contributed to the simultaneous escalation of diabetes and obesity worldwide1,2. Objectives: (a) To assess the dietary patterns of diabetic patients of urban areas. (b) To study the effect of the diet and lifestyle on their glycemic control. Methods: This was a cross sectional study of diabetic patients attending diabetic outpatient clinic at Kalinga Institute of medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar. Result: Out of the total 50 patients, only 4% of the respondents had  30 BMI. 80% of the respondents had BMI 18.5-24.99. Only 4% of the respondents had a waist hip ratio (WHR) of 0.85. The percentage of energy from the protein, fat and carbohydrate (PFC) showed that 59.5% of the respondents had  15% protein, 87.5% had  25% fat and 17% had  60% carbohydrate. Discussion: A waist hip ratio of  0.85 among females and  1.0 in males reflects central obesity. Central obesity with of respondents carrying excess body fat positive glycosuria cases pose a higher risk towards diabetes. Conclusion: Dietary transition coupled with inactivity, taking junk food and carbonated drinks appear to have contributed to the high prevalence rate of obesity of the urban population