Syed Altaf, Kapil Dev, Jaiprakash Gurawalia, Vishnu Kurpad and Arun Pandey
Background: Local recurrence in soft tissue sarcomas is the major onus of the disease which could result in nonfunctioning extremities. The local recurrence of soft tissue tumours is the major morbidity and cause for this is the unplanned surgery at inexperienced peripheral centers. We noticed that a major proportion approximate one fourth patient with soft tissue tumours presented in outdoor, were with residual or recurrent lesion.
Aim: The aim was to examine the clinical and pathological profile of soft tissue tumours that had undergone unplanned excision in aspect to the natural event of recurrence in respect to surgery which has been performed.
Materials and methods: In total, 126 patients who had undergone prior surgery of the tumour without oncological planning presented to our institute with residual or recurrent soft tissue tumours between January
2005 to December 2014 were analyzed in a retrospective study.
Results: There were a total of 126 patients analyzed. The mean age was 44.3 ± 16.9 years. Average duration from previous unplanned excision to presentation was 5.3 months (1-57 months). 29 patients were presented immediately after the first surgery with clinical residual lesion with a diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma, while 97 patients presented after apparent local recurrence. Most of the tumours were almost evenly distributed among low and high grade (40.5% vs. 59.5%), superficial and deep seated (48.4% vs. 51.6%), and <5 cm in size (62.9%). 99 (78.6%) patients presented within 24 months after unplanned excision. 22 (17.4%) patients were presented with distant metastasis also with local recurrence.
Conclusion: The appropriate planning regarding as diagnosis as treatment purpose for the soft tissue sarcoma without assuming the soft tissue mass as benign lesion. It helps to reduce the morbidity due to recurrence
after inadequate surgical excision.