Health Systems and Policy Research

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The Perception of Population and Health Professionals regarding the National Immunization Program of Timor-Leste

Carlos Boavida Tilman*, Joao Soares Martins, Manuel Mausiry, Mateus Cunha, Maria Graca Freitas, Carlos Manuel Morais da Costa

The 2017 National Immunization Program (NIP) provide vaccination against tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, polio, pertussis, hepatitis B, invasive Haemophilusinfluenzae serotype b disease, measles, rubella and human papillomavirus infections. The Timorese health system is faced with the search for a model of the National Health Strategic Plan (NHSP 2011-2030) work plan for its health system, which is adequate to the current and future needs of its population.In addition to preventing these deadly diseases, vaccination of newborns and expectant mothers, integrated into programs such as Timor-Leste Expanded Vaccination Program (EVP).The overall objective of study characterizes the perception of the population and health professionals about the NIP under of this investigation.

Methods:This is a cross-sectional and mixed-methodological study of qualitative and quantitative descriptive type of methods, including observations, closed interviews and focus group discussion (FGD). A study population was carried out amongst people between the ages of 18-25, 26-35 and 36-45 years old of whom came to the health centers, health post level and hospitals in municipalities, to accompany their infants and children for vaccine, in accordance with the current vaccination schedule.

Results:In the quantitative questionnaires were interviewed (n=212:54%) of Timorese population and health professionals (n=185:46%) total (n=395:100%). The chi-square value 12.401 (p value=0.05) of populations and 75.751 (p value=0.5) of health professionals. Indeed, there was no-significant difference. Using regression multivariate of Hosmer and Lemeshow test, it was found that in both models all has a correlation with the scale greater than 0.2 value. However, we summarized and verified that those models were significantly valid because, underrate of a correlation’s significance value 0.5.

Conclusion:The results presented would contribute to the development of strategic planning and action of health administration and management policies, especially in the promotion of vaccination in the Timorese community. Policies that reflecting the characteristics and needs and consequently, for the well-being of the population. Population in general and particular the mother of infants and children of 0 year of age can be protected from infectious diseases.