Acta Rheumatologica

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Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Shilpa Johri*

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent autoimmune disorder that affects joints, causing pain, inflammation, and eventual joint damage. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of RA, delving into its etiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and available treatment modalities. Despite the multifaceted nature of its origins, genetic predisposition, environmental triggers, and immunological factors collectively contribute to the development of RA. The immune system's attack on synovial tissues gives rise to chronic inflammation, leading to joint deformities and impaired functionality. Recognizing early symptoms, aided by diagnostic tools such as blood tests and imaging, is pivotal for prompt intervention. A range of treatment options, including medications physical therapy, lifestyle adjustments, and surgery, offer avenues for managing symptoms and slowing disease progression. Ongoing research and advancements in rheumatology promise a brighter future for individuals living with RA, underscoring the significance of continued exploration into this intricate autoimmune challenge.


Rheumatoid arthritis; Autoimmune disorder; Joint inflammation; Joint damage; Genetic Predisposition

Published Date: 2023-08-28; Received Date: 2023-08-03