Journal of Universal Surgery

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Editorial - (2021) Volume 9, Issue 5


Balraj K*

Department of Biotechnology, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Corresponding Author:
Balraj K
Department of Biotechnology
Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Received Date: May 13, 2021; Accepted Date: May 18, 2021; Published Date: May 25, 2021

Citation: Balraj K (2021) Editorial on Endometriosis. J Univer Surg Vol.9 No.5:25

Copyright: © 2021 Balraj K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Endometriosis is an inscrutable disease that could start at birth. Its pathogenesis is supported by different theories. Accumulating facts relate it to a multigenic disorder. Endometriosis presents three main variations: ovarian endometriomas, deep infiltrating endometriosis, and superficial peritoneal disease.

According to Nyholt et al., endometriosis is a “heritable, hormone-dependent gynecological disorder”. In their metaanalysis, they recognized five novel loci associated to the risk of evolving endometriosis. All five are included in sex steroid pathways. There is no dependable serum maker for this disease, and imaging still leaves greatly of it undiagnosed. Ultrasound (US) has a good sensitivity and specificity for endometriomas (83% and 89%, correspondingly). Inappropriately, in the situation of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE), uterosacral ligaments, vagina, bladder, and rectovaginal septum, the general pooled sensitivity and specificity of US transvaginal studies (TVSs) range between 53% and 93%.

High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with vaginal, bladder, and rectal contrast has been a revolution in latest times, as proved at the latest XIII World Congress on Endometriosis.

New drugs on the flea market (and in research) have pharmacological special effects on the endocrine and inflammatory functions concerned in the pathogenesis of the disease. This will lead to new analytical pathways in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.

Peritoneal endometriosis

Absolutely endocrine therapy has been shown to have results comparable to the results after surgery, at least for peritoneal endometriosis. Given the existing ambiguity about noticing the extent of endometriotic lesions and the potential use of totally endocrine therapy as an alternate to surgery, it is significant in individual cases to weigh the extent of the prospective excision against the risk of overtreatment.

Ovarian endometriosis

Subsequently peritoneal endometriosis, the ovaries are the second utmost common site for endometriosis. But even though surgery to treat ovarian endometriomas is presumed to be a routine process, it includes specific challenges for the surgeon.

As the stated rate of reappearance ranges from 9.6–45.5 % 17, 18, the surgeon must weigh the requirement for satisfactory excision against the potential iatrogenic decrease in ovarian reserve. Analysis of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels displayed that surgery for ovarian endometriosis was connected with a significant decrease in AMH concentrations. AMH levels reduced by 24 % after unilateral surgery and by up to 67 % after bilateral surgery.

Deep infiltrating endometriosis

The suggestion for surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis is regularly severe pain. Complete excision may necessitate increasing the procedure to comprise the intestines vagina, and ureters, but complete surgery has been shown to control symptoms and reduce the rate of recurrence. The majority of techniques can be carried successfully using laparoscopy; the rate of conversion to laparotomy is in the middle of 1.6 and 12.


Biomarkers, Genetics


Computerized axial tomography, Ultrasound, Magnetic resonance imaging.