Health Systems and Policy Research

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Editorial - (2023) Volume 10, Issue 3

Major Public Health Emergencies in Medical Supplies Scheduling

Manoj Pathak*
Department of Medicine, University of Medical Center Goettingen, Germany
*Correspondence: Manoj Pathak, Department of Medicine, University of Medical Center Goettingen, Germany, Email:

Received: 01-May-2023, Manuscript No. Iphspr-23-13534; Editor assigned: 03-May-2023, Pre QC No. Iphspr-23-13534; Reviewed: 17-May-2023, QC No. Iphspr-23-13534; Revised: 22-May-2023, Manuscript No. Iphspr- 23-13534 (R); Published: 30-May-2023, DOI: 10.36648/2254- 9137.23.10.3-180


Early on in the COVID-19 pandemic in Wuhan, there was an unfair distribution of patients among hospitals and a delay in the delivery of medical supplies, which lowered the survival rate of infected people. This research suggests a strategy for allocating medical supplies per vehicle to each hospital and the supply sequence per vehicle to each hospital in order to build a quick and precise supply scheme for medical materials in significant public health emergencies. The following two sub-problems are specifically solved in this paper: calculating the medical supplies that may be transported in each vehicle to each hospital; and calculating the shortest transportation times and matching routes from any distribution facility to any hospital. It is carried out the strategy for resolving sub-problem by a series of iterations, each of which determines the quickest path from a distribution hub, via one or more hospitals, and back to the hub. This research suggests a distribution strategy for medical supplies in significant public health emergencies, in accordance with the sub problem. To address this problem, a multiple dynamic programming approach that combines a few distinct dynamic programming procedures is suggested.


Major Public Health Emergencies; Medical Supplies; Transportation Scheduling; Covid-19 Pandemic


Our algorithm also recognises the need for quick scheme updates when the number of cars is fluctuating [1]. While the second sub-problem should be resolved based on the assumption that the relevant data will be available following the occurrence of a significant public health emergency, the first sub-problem can be resolved in normal circumstances [2]. The entire procedure suggested in the case study section is this study is used to schedule medical supplies during the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, demonstrating the method's viability [3]. The key innovation of the methodology suggested in this study is that problems can be solved optimally while the time complexity is kept within reasonable bounds [4]. COVID-19 was found in Wuhan, China, and it spread fast over the world [5]. During the early stages of the pandemic, there was a shortage of medical supplies, hospital beds, and medical personnel, which led to overcrowding in the hospitals and major patient crossinfection [6]. Only institutions were chosen by the government to handle the infected cases in order to enhance the effectiveness of the exceedingly scarce medical supplies [7]. Within a few weeks, medical supplies from all across the nation and even the world began to arrive, and by March 2020, there were more than authorised hospitals [8]. The medical supplies were gathered in the distribution hubs, like the railway station and airport in Wuhan, and then were the preparation addition, timing, and transportation of emergency supplies is the key areas of recent research [9]. These studies aim to improve the preparation, supplementation, and timing of the entire system of emergency materials Kumar and Havey, 2013 [10].


In order to determine the effect factors of the supply of emergency supplies, Liu and Xie suggested a workflow simulation system based on the Petri network for the preparation and scheduling of emergency materials [11]. In contrast, more academics concentrate on a single component of supplementing or transporting emergency supplies [12]. Emergency rescue activities must start with the emergency materials being prepared and supplemented [13]. The ideal routine store of emergency supplies for various types of emergencies has been extensively researched [14]. Resolved the maritime industry's location issue based on stochastic dynamic programming and sample-path approaches, the degree of the patients [15]. The COVID-19 pandemic's supply and demand interruptions have a substantial impact on the supply chain network, which may limit the effectiveness of the pandemic's medical material supply. In this regard, Nikolopoulos suggested a method based on statistical, epidemiological, machine-learning, and deep-learning models for forecasting the excess demand for goods and services during the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to the pandemic, Govindan et al. created a decision support system for demand management in healthcare supply chains. In the context of constrained resources, Naderi presented a generic planning and scheduling strategy for operating rooms. For the purpose of allocating and sharing a vital resource in the event of a pandemic, Mehrotra presented a stochastic optimization model.


Corominas had an idea an equipment reserve concept that is always available to fulfil demand at the start of and throughout a pandemic. Also, because of the government's rigorous controls, the transportation scenario during the COVID-19 pandemic is very different from typical settings. Consequently, a new research challenge is how to optimise the conveyance of medical supplies in such significant public health situations. Unfortunately, there is limited study on the distribution and transportation of medical supplies during significant public health emergencies like COVID-19. Emergency supplies planning are mainly a vehicle routing issue. There are a number of crucial management measures that need to be taken in order to ensure the medical supplies scheduling strategies suggested in this research are used in management practise. Prior to the occurrence of significant public health emergencies, routine medical supply planning should be done; emergency responses to the big public health emergencies should be performed following the occurrence. It is illustrated how logistics operations managers should respond to significant public health emergencies. The first stage in regular preparation is to gather the anticipated travel time and route between each pair of distribution centres or hospitals. After that, a fresh computation of the best routes for transporting medical supplies is carried out by resolving a sub problem.



Conflict of Interest



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