Journal of Universal Surgery

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Editorial - (2021) Volume 9, Issue 3

Orthognathic Surgery

Spandana Vakapalli*

Department of Biotechnology, Osmania University, Telangana, India

Corresponding Author:
Spandana Vakapalli
Department of Biotechnology
Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana

Received Date: March 03, 2021; Accepted Date: March 22, 2021; Published Date: March 26, 2021

Citation: Spandana V (2021) Editorial on Orthognathic Surgery. J Univer Surg. Vol.9 No.3:14.

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Orthognathic surgery is a special work in facial surgery, a patient's existence and occlusal function can be established significantly, creating an impact on the patient's sense of self and well-being. Effective outcomes in modern orthognathic surgery depend on close collaboration among the surgeon and the orthodontist diagonally all stages of treatment, as of preoperative planning to confirmation of occlusion. Practical computer planning supports a more precise analysis of dentofacial deformity and preoperative planning. It is similarly a precious aid in provided that comprehensive patient education. The indicators for orthognathic surgery include: Chronic jaw pain or jaw joint pain (TMJ); Breathing difficulties while sleeping (obstructive sleep apnea); Severe headaches associated with jaw pain; Chronic mouth breathing and dry mouth; Difficulties biting, chewing, or swallowing; Certain birth defects; Facial injuries or irregular facial appearance; A lower chin and jaw that recedes; Not being able to close your lips without straining them. There are various types of orthognathic surgeries are available based on the severity of misalignment and jaw positioning. Five collective types of jaw surgery include:

• Maxillary Osteotomy

• Mandibular Osteotomy

• Genioplasty

• Arthroplasty

• Arthrocentesis

Maxillary osteotomy

This surgery deals with the upper jaw and can spot-on for a cross bite, open bite, while you display too few teeth or too many, or a retroceded upper jaw line. An opening is made directly above the teeth (gum line) and interested in the upper jaw — here no openings made on the face. The upper jaw is making into small pieces to be fragmented and moved to a new location in a wellordered manner. The surgery is well-organized through a series of surgical planning and models to regulate the final outcome.

Mandibular osteotomy

This surgery deals with the lower jaw and can spot on for a particularly retroceded jawbone. The oral surgeon will focus on both moving the jawbone forward or backward liable on the patient’s bite arrangement. This jaw surgery includes a cut to the posterior of the mouth nearby molars - an initial place to gain access to your jaw. The jaw is cut at that point and relocated into its new position. Since here, a small plastic piece is positioned to support guide and backing the new position and at that time static into place with titanium plates and screws.


This deals with a deficient chin where a retroceded lower jaw regularly goes with this feature. If a patient is suffering a mandibular osteotomy, oral surgeons can also reorganise the jaw during this procedure.


The best operation to exact temporomandibular joint dysfunction is an open-joint arthroplasty (keyhole surgery). During the process, an arthroscope (small camera) is introduced into a small incision the surgeon creates in front of the ear. Then the surgeon eliminates any scar tissue nearby the joint to release pain.


In this procedure, surgeons use sterile fluid to wash out the TMJ (temporomandibular joint). During the process, an oral surgeon relocates the patient’s jaw, rearranges the cartilage disc, and then administers a steroid drug into the joint. The goal of the surgery is to reappearance the cartilage disc to its correct location and eliminates any debris inside the joint.