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A multidisciplinary Approach on Resilience as an Adaptive Coping Technique in Chronic Pain Patients

Ana Maria Dumitrescu, Andreas Nilsen Myhre, Gotcă Ioan, Ana-Maria Slănină, Armand Rîjnoveanu, Carmen Valerica Rîpă and Roxana Gabriela Cobzaru

Background and aim: The study aims to realize an inter-pluri-disciplinary research highlighting the important role of resilience as a very useful adaptive coping technique used in both psychotherapy and occupational therapy chronic pain patients, offering practical examples from Norway, Sweden and the UK.

Material and methods: A narrative review was realized on the basis of 20 up-dated articles from the specialty literature, having as main topic the role of resilience in chronic pain in occupational therapy, published over the period of the last 10 years.

Results: There are taken into considerations multiple aspects of resilience in the case of chronic pain patients such as resilience profiles intertwined with rehabilitation techniques, psychotherapy, nutrition, and patients’ social background and interactions. Keeping patients motivated during the occupational therapy interventions, by giving them a new positive perspective upon their condition and engaging them into meaningful activities represents an important asset.

Conclusion: In the case of chronic pain, there is required an interdisciplinary approach, regarding its complexity. Therefore, pharmacologic therapy alone cannot offer the best outcomes and it must intertwine with occupational therapy interventions, pain psychology, physiotherapy and complementary or integrative therapies