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Assessment of the intrinsic determinants of Nurses job satisfaction in Borno state, Nigeria

Hadiza Yahaya*, Abdullahi Sabo and Abigail Uchenna Emeloye

Background: Job satisfaction is an essential driver of workforce productivity, especially in the nursing profession. As such, unfavourable work conditions could result in a shortage and poor work output of employees.

Objectives: This study sought to investigate the influence of intrinsic factors on job satisfaction among nurses working in selected government hospitals in Borno State, Nigeria.

Materials and methods: This quantitative descriptive cross-sectional design randomly (stratified) selected 399 participants (nurses) from a population of 695 nurses. A revised Nursing Work Index (NWI- R) questionnaire was adopted to collate data related to the job satisfaction of nurses. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science Version 23.0

Results: Of all the participants, 214 (61.8%) were females, the age range of 21 -25 years 191 (47.9%) and those unmarried (single), 265 (66.4%) were the most frequent categories of nurses. The overall satisfaction for motivation (mean±standard deviation) was 74.66±10.53. The levels of employees' job satisfaction (lowest-highest total agreement [%]) in relation to work itself (68.9- 94.7%), achievement (80.5-86.7%), recognition (67.2-83.5%), possibility (75.7-79.2%) and advancement (87.7-91.5%) were moderate-high and high, respectively. Also, their productivity was evaluated as high. Sex, working experience, working hours and qualification of nurses were all significantly associated with high motivation for the job (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Findings from this survey infer that the nurses were relatively good job satisfaction in General Hospitals in Borno state. There was a positive relationship between job satisfaction and the productivity of the nurses.


Job Satisfaction; Healthcare Services; Nursing Services; Productivity; Nurses Workforces; Nigeria

Published Date: 2023-02-07; Received Date: 2022-11-25