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Clinical Epidemiology of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Setif, Algeria: Finding from the Setif-AMI Registry

Khaira Boussouf, Zoubida Zaidi, Fatima Kaddour, Azzouz Djelaoudji, Saadia Benkobbi, Narimen Bayadi and Soraya Taiar

Objectives and Introduction: According to the most recent global burden diseases study (2017), Algeria and the Middle East countries are classified as high mortality countries of acute coronary syndrome, with a 26% increase in period from 1990 to 2017. The objectives of this article are first to detail the methodology and design of the Setif-AMI registry, 4-year registration criteria for patients with STEMI (ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction) and NSTEMI (Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction), to explore the different socio-demographic, clinical, therapeutic and epidemiological variables used in our database and measure the prevalence of STEMI and NSTEMI as well as the prevalence of risk factors. Materials and Methods: The Setif-AMI registry was initiated in January 2015, it is located at the cardiology department of the University Hospital of Setif (UHS) with the initiative of the cardiovascular research laboratory under the supervision of the management of the health and the population of Setif. The establishment of the registry required the use of local hospitals and sources of information, the analysis of death records and records of autopsies listed. This is a prospective study over a 4-year period, 2015-2018. Results: 3420 patients with the inclusion criteria were registered. Prevalence of 28.54% for men and 11.65% for women, the hospital mortality rate of 5%. Conclusion: Based on data from the Setif-AMI registry, we have prevalence and a mortality rate in our population.This experience has allowed us to demonstrate the possibility of providing useful information and little available in our country despite difficulties in data sources that needs to be improved.