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Dead Space in Backboard Immobilization: Found Relevant to Technological Adequacy

Anna Cláudia Freire de Araújo Patrício, Karine Jardim Feitosa, Jiovana de Souza Santos, Karla Fernandes de Albuquerque, Iris do Céu Clara Costa, Vinícius de Gusmão Rocha, Alexandre Sérgio Silva,Antonia Oliveira Silva, Karoline de Lima Alves and Valéria Peixoto Bezerra

Objective: To investigate anatomical differences observed when the elderly and young are stabilized in Backboard immobilization of the spinal column, through comparison of measures between two points of the posterior cervical and the top edge of the Board.

Method: Participated in 110 subject: elderly group (n55), youth group (n55), 69 (38) women of the elderly group 78 (43) of the young group. Applied the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and independent T test using the Instat 3.0.1 Software. For data collection: Portable Simetrógrafo Sanny to verify the presence of kyphosis, Numerical estimation of pain Scale to identify the threshold of pain to be stabilized, tape measure Sanny to measure the distance between the Board and the corresponding vertebrae.

Results: You can see that 96.4 (n53) of elderly presented kyphosis and 32.8 (n18) of young people too. The other had curvature of the spine; 90 (n50) of the elderly reported pain to be stabilized on board reaching 9 ± 2 degrees, 10 (n5) of the elderly don't have said pain and no subject young narrated pain. The distance of the first cervical vertebra to the Board: 2.4 ± 0, young 4 cm, 3.8 ± 0 seniors, 9 cm and the seventh: 2.15 ± 0 young, 59 cm and elderly 4.4 ± 0.72 cm. Confirming the existence of a dead space at the elderly group. Both showed statistically significant differences.

Conclusion: it was noted that other studies should be scoped to the creation of devices to adjust the current technology (PLICV) to the cifótico angle of the elderly and ensure a better stabilization of the cervical spine of these, providing customer service and urgent removal free of damage and discomfort (pain) emphasized by the seniors involved in the research.