Journal of Universal Surgery

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Gallbladder Volvulus: A Case Study and Review of Literature

Aaron Hayson, Justin Lee and Alexander RamirezValderama

Gallbladder volvulus or gall bladder torsion (GBT) is a relatively rare condition affecting roughly 1 in 365,520 patients. Only about 300 such cases have been reported in the literature but the age range is 2 to 100 years old. The first case was described by Wendel in 1898 in which he described it as a “floating gallbladder.” It is defined as a rotation where there is a mechanical organo-axial torsion that occurs along the gallbladders longitudinal axis involving the cystic duct and artery. But the etiology is still not well known. The condition is overwhelming found in the geriatric population with 85% of patients being over the age of 60. There is a predilection for white females as well.