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Has the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the food consumption of people with chronic diseases?

Chayze de Souza Cunha, Sabrina Alves Duraes, Melissa Ionara Ribeiro Sabbagh, Josiane Santos Brant Rocha, Joao Pedro Brant Rocha, Maria Clara Brant Rocha, Joao Gustavo Brant Rocha, Lucineia de Pinho and Luciana Neri Nobre*

Objectives: To systematically review the evidence of the impact of the critical period of the COVID-19 pandemic on changes in food consumption by adults with chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Methods: Two evaluators analyzed the electronic databases Medline, SciELO, Embase and BVS between March 2020 and August 2021. Terms with the Boolean operator AND were used to search for publications: “eating habits” AND “COVID-19” AND adult. The publications included were assessed for methodological quality and a qualitative synthesis was performed. The revision was registered with PROSPERO (No CRD42021275171). Results: Of the 341 identified studies, 10 were included in the review, of which 50% observed that people with NCDs worsened their food consumption, and the others either did not observe changes in consumption or observed improvement in consumption. These results indicate that confinement had different repercussions among patients with NCDs, but the worsening in food consumption was the most prevalent. Conclusion: Social distancing favoured more commonly the practice of unhealthy consuming among people with NCDs indicating that in addition to being one of the groups most affected by the pandemic, it was more susceptible to negative changes in food consumption.

Published Date: 2023-08-31; Received Date: 2023-08-03