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Influence of Environmental Factors on Breeding Habitats of Mosquito Species in Kosti City, White Nile State, Sudan

Egbal Bashir Ibrahim Elmalih, Babiker Saad Almugadam, Abdelhakam G Tamomh and Shawgi Mohamed Hassan

This study was conducted in Kosti town, White Nile State, Sudan, to determine the effect of the temperature and turbidity of water on breeding habitats of different species of mosquitoes. Data of water, temperature and turbidity were recorded. Immature stages of mosquitoes, collected by the dipping method from breeding habitats in three residential areas in Kosti town, were reared to adult stage and identified. It was found that the mean temperature of the water body from where large numbers were recovered ranged between 28-35°C. Aquatic stages of the mosquitos also, preferred water with high turbidity ranging from 451 to 650 ppm. The result concluded the early stage of most mosquito species were significantly positively correlated with temperature and turbidity of water.