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Knowledge and preventive practice towards Non - communicable diseases risk factors among civil servants of Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia in January, 2019

Hamba Fida*, Firafan Shuma and Wa kgari Mosisa


According to WHO international report, more than 38% millions people die annually from Non-communicable diseases (63% of global deaths), including 16 million people who die before the age of 70. The objective of this study: Assessment of knowledge and practicing prevention of Non-communicable diseases’ risk factors among the civil servants in Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia region, Western Ethiopia, January, 2019.


Government office based Cross-sectional study was conducted in three selected woredas of Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia from January 1-30/. Administered structured questionnaire were used for data collection. The collected data were sorted manually, entered in to Computer and cleaned by using Epi-data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 23.0 for analysis. Descriptive statistics, binary and multiple logistic regressions were employed. The analysed data were interpreted by using adjusted odd ratio with 95% confidence interval.


Five hundred sixty eight (100%) were participated , about 324(57.1%) were Degree in their level of education, 155(27.3%) heard ever about non-communicable diseases risk factors, 120(21.1%, 48(8.5%) and 29 (5.1%) measured their body mass index, Blood pressure, and total blood cholesterol frequently by skilled health care providers respectively. Those who have attended first degree and above, and those with Health care professionals were found to be more knowledgeable and practicing prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases’ risk factors (AOR=4.53; 95%:1.86, 11.14) and (AOR = 2.37: 2.964, 5.834) respectively.


The overall knowledge and practicing prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases’ risk factors were 155(27.3%) and 58(10.2%) respectively, Civil servants with high level of education (BSc/BA and MSC/MA) and those with health care professional were identified to have favorable level of knowledge and practicing prevention of risk factors of Non-Communicable Diseases. Hence, Awareness on Non-communicable diseases’ Risk factors prevention particularly, on biological and physiological risk factors should be given for the civil servants of the study area.

Published Date: 2021-10-12; Received Date: 2021-07-10