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Lavender's Aromatherapy to Decrease Anxiety Scale Patient with Pre Mastectomy Surgery

Rostime Hermayerni Simanullang, Afnijar Wahyu, Jek Amidos Pardede and Meriani Herlina

Breast cancer is a group of abnormal cells in the breast that continue to grow multiply. Mastectomy is one of the options for surgical action in breast cancer. In patients who will undergo mastectomy, all breast tissue and axillary lymph nodes are suspected. Surgery will cause psychological disorders in the form of anxiety that can lead to complications during surgery. One way to reduce anxiety is through the provision of aromatherapy, especially aromatherapy lavender, which is known to be sedative. This quantitative study aims to determine the effect of aromatherapy on the scale of anxiety in pre mastectomy patients in the surgical room of the Murni Teguh Memorial Hospital. The design in this study was to use a quasi-experimental research design with the method of one group pre and post test without control. Determination of the sample size in this study using purposive sampling with 15 respondents. The instrument used to assess anxiety is the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS). Data from the research results were analyzed by statistical tests, namely the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that there was an effect of lavender flower aromatherapy on the decrease in anxiety scale in pre-mastectomy patients with a value (p=0,001) <0.05, which means that after intervention the patient pre mastectomy experienced a decrease in anxiety scale than before intervention. The results of this study are expected to be used as an option for intervention by health workers especially the nursing profession to deal with patients' anxieties, especially in pre-mastectomy patients.