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Measurement of patients' admissions to an intensive care unit of Crete

Maria Maniou

Introduction: The ICU is characterized as the hospital in to a hospital. The intensive care hospitalized patients with reversible illnesses that can be improved with detail follow-up and complicated treatments. From practical side there are cases in the ICU where all treatments included the most complex and costly cannot change the situation. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, patient characteristics, reasons and outcome of admissions in the ICU of the General hospital of Heraklion “Venizeleio - Pananeio”. Methodology: For the practical approach of the study was used the analysis of 90 patients’ admissions in the ICU. The analysis included patients that were hospitalised in the general adult ICU of General Hospital of Heraklion. “Venizeleio - Pananeio” in January 2009 until June 2009. Results: There were 90 admission during the study period. From the patients 66 were men and 24 were women. About 90% were referred from the Emergency Department. The distribution of patients by race was 80, 7, 2, 1 for Greek, Albania, English and German. The most patients had an admission in the ICU because of Respiratory disorders (n=33) with mean age 59,8 and ICU stay 4.5. 22 required ICU admission because of a Cardiovascular disorders with mean age 60,2 and ICU stay 5.3. The patients’ mean age for all the reasons of the admissions was 59.6 for men and 56.6 for women. 61 patients discharged from the ICU to the hospital wards, 27 died and 2 patient discharged to an other hospital. From the patients that died 18 were men and 9 were women. The most patient died because of problems by the respiratory system with mean age 59.9. Conclusions: Respiratory problems are the major reason for an ICU admission. Patients that are men and in the age 51-87 are at greatest risk of an ICU admission. The first half-year period of 2009 was realised high mortality rate and the reason was problems by the respiratory system.