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Mental Health and COVID-19 Infection: Systematic Review in Human CrossSectional Studies

Moara Rodrigues Costa, Michelly Farias Rocha, Gabriela Carvalho Jurema Santos, Wenicios Ferreira Chaves, Luana Olegário da Silva, Regina Maria Chaves Escorel Costa, Hortência Freitas de França, Caio Ferreira Santos, Thaliane Mayara Pessoa dos Prazeres, Rafael dos Santos Henrique and Matheus Santos de Sousa Fernandes

Background: The outbreak of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) is the most recent global emergency declared by the World Health Organization, which may directly affect patients' mental health. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the main impacts caused by the current COVID-19 pandemic scenario on mental health outcomes. Methods: Pubmed, Lilacs and, BVS from January to March 2020 were systematically researched for related published articles. In electronic databases, the following search strategy using the keywords: “Nervousness or Social Anxiety or Anxieties, Social or Anxiety, Social or Social Anxieties or Anxiety AND Depressions or Depressive Symptoms or Depressive Symptom or Symptom, Depressive or Symptoms, Depressive or Emotional Depression or Depression, Emotional or Depressions, Emotional or Emotional Depressions and Health, Mental or Mental Hygiene or Hygiene, Mental and COVID 19 or Coronavirus. In five articles found, there was a higher incidence of symptoms of anxiety and depression, associated with exposure to COVID-19. Results: Two studies demonstrated an increase in insomnia. Furthermore, symptoms related to increased stress, sensitivity to social risks, and the sensation of horror were also observed. When stratified by the psychiatric impact, high rates of moderate or severe psychological impact. COVID-19 pandemic scenario, directly impacting the mental health of the population affected by COVID-19. Conclusions: Nevertheless, strategies related to lifestyle, associated with psychological care can be fundamental to improve the mental health of these individuals.