Health Science Journal

  • ISSN: 1791-809X
  • Journal h-index: 61
  • Journal CiteScore: 17.30
  • Journal Impact Factor: 18.23
  • Average acceptance to publication time (5-7 days)
  • Average article processing time (30-45 days) Less than 5 volumes 30 days
    8 - 9 volumes 40 days
    10 and more volumes 45 days
Awards Nomination 20+ Million Readerbase
Indexed In
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • CiteFactor
  • CINAHL Complete
  • Scimago
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)
  • EMCare
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • University Grants Commission
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
  • Google Scholar
  • Secret Search Engine Labs
Share This Page


Occupational Stress and its Management among Nurses at St. Dominic Hospital, Akwatia, Ghana

Adzakpah Godwin, Laar Alexander Suuk and Fiadjoe Harrison Selorm

Background: The prevalence of occupational stress among nurses is an endemic problem. Identifying the causes and its management in any healthcare institution is vital for successful interventions.

Method and material: A purposive sampling technique and a self-administered questionnaire were used to select 73 nurses from the nursing and midwifery department in the Hospital. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.

Results: The study found out that the major causes of stress identified by the nurses were inadequate motivation (98.6%), inadequate staffing levels (91.8%), handling a large number of patients alone (83.6%), lack of break during shift (82.2%) and nursing difficult patients (71.3%). The major occupational stress management strategies used sometimes were going on break (60%), meditation (51.6%), exercises (64.1%) and relaxation (74.3%). There was significant association between department of work and types of stress experienced (pvalue< 0.05). There was significant relationship between age and the type of stress experienced (p-value<0.05) for the physical and emotional type of stressors. This study also revealed that there were significant association (pvalue< 0.05) between years of experience, salary and physical and emotional stressors respectively.

Conclusion: Occupational stress (physical, emotional and psychological) was statistically significantly associated with the department a nurse is. Nurses’ executives and hospital management should help create an adequate stress-free work environment for nurses. Nurses should be provided opportunities for learning a multitude of stress management strategies to improve their performance.