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Health Science Journal

  • ISSN: 1791-809X
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Abstract

Outcomes of Surgical Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Jimma University Medical Center

Dabessa Mosissa, Seifu Alemu, Mulugeta Hailu Rad and Elias Ali Yesuf

Background: Intensive Care Unit is a part of a hospital where critically ill patients that required advanced airways, respiratory or homodynamic support are admitted. However, the patterns of admission and outcome of the critical surgical patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit of Jimma University Medical Center not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assesspatterns of admission and outcome of surgical patients admitted the intensive care unit of Jimma University Medical Center.

Methodology: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in Jimma University Medical Center. Records of surgical patients admitted to intensive care unit from Sept1, 2016-Sept1, 2017 were reviewed. Data abstracted from patient records include diagnosis at admission and outcome of admission. Descriptive statistic, such as frequencies, proportions and means were calculated. Possible association patients’ outcome and predictor variables were determined using Chi- Square Test.

Result: Duringone year, 113 surgical patients admitted to intensive care unit of Jimma University Medical Center. Males accounted 61.1% of the admission. Commonest diagnosis at admission was isolated head trauma accounting 36 out of 113 admissions (31.9%). Overall ICU complication rate was 46.9 %. Overall ICU mortality rate was 39.8%. The highest mortality rate was recorded for head injury at 52.8%

Conclusion: High complication rate and mortality rate is indicative of poor quality of care in the intensive care unit of Jimma University Medical Center. Head injury mortality rate is particularly higher and need preventive measures.