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Prevalence and Risk Factor for Poor Pregnancy Outcome among Married Women, in Fafan Zone, Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia

Mathewos Mekonnen, Kumera Bekele, Alelign Tasew, Jemal Beker, Meka Kadir, Meron Kibru and Getachew Taddese

Introduction: Worldwide, over three hundred fifty thousand women of childbearing age die every year due to complications of pregnancy. Poor pregnancy outcomes are higher in poor countries as compared to developed countries. Objective: To asses prevalence and risk factor for poor pregnancy outcomes among married women, in Fafan zone, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia. Methodology: To conduct the study, community based retrospective cross-sectional study design was employed and systematic random sampling was used. Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 21. The result of the study revealed that, 10.9% and 9.3% of the women had history of a still birth and abortion respectively in their reproductive life. Result: Overall, half of studied women (51.9.0%) fall under category of poor pregnancy outcome. Approximately one third (32%) of women had at least one type of chronic medical pregnancy related medical disease during pregnancy. For majority women (90.4%) included in the study FGM had been conducted. Another significant proportion of women (27%) were overweight (25.00–29.99). About, one third (34.7%) of respondents reported that they got pregnant at age less than 18 years. Being Somali in ethnicity (AOR=6.601; 95% CI 2.890-15.078), history of FGM (AOR=3.579; 95% CI 2.118-6.050) and pregnancy at ageless than18 years (AOR=2.4941; 95% CI, 0.753-3.547) were independent predictors for poor pregnancy outcome among married women. Conclusion: In conclusion, the study showed high prevalence of poor maternal and fetal pregnancy outcome and risk factor among studied women. Concerned bodies were recommended to focus on identification of potential risk factor, and intervene through preconception care before pregnancy.