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Abstract

Prevalence of Bed-Sore and its Associated Factors among Hospitalized Patients in Medical and Surgical Wards at Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2018

Cheru Kore Sifir*

Background: Bed sore (BS) (also known as pressure sore (Ps), pressure injury (PI), decubitus ulcer (du), pressure ulcer (Pu), defined as an area of localized damage to the skin and subordinate tissue caused by pressure. PU leads to ischemia, cell death and tissue necrosis, capillaries are compressed, and the blood rush is limited, the cutaneous tissue turned broken or destroyed, leading to progressive destruction and necrosis of underling soft apkins.

Objective: To assess frequency of bed sore and its associated factors among rehabilitated cases in medical and surgical wards at yekatit 12 hospital medical college, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2018.

Method: Institution- grounded, cross-sectional quantitative study design was conducted on a representative sample of 94 rehabilitated cases in the study area from March15, 2018 to May 13, 2018.

Result: A aggregate of 7 beds sore were detected from 226 cases, with the frequency rate of3.0. Maturity of replier 6 (2.65) developed bed sore who came from the civic area and 3 (1.32) cases developed ulcer wasn't educated, and actors who had been veritably poor in nutrition was 2 (0.88) cases.

Conclusion and Recommendation: Frequency of the pressure ulcer was low among rehabilitated cases in this study, age, bedridden, position change, humidity, and nutrition were significant associated with the frequency of pressure ulcer so the frequency of pressure ulcer was low because the cases and health care professionals have knowledge about bed sore and they rehearsed it.

Published Date: 2022-01-27; Received Date: 2021-11-24