Masino Tessu, Tafesse Lamaro and Andualem Henok
Background: Institutional delivery is a delivery that has taken place in any medical facility owned by skilled delivery assistance. The proportion of women who delivered with assistance of skilled attendant is one of the indicators in meeting the MDG5.
Objective: This study was aimed at assessing prevalence of institutional delivery among mothers in Kometa sub-locality in Mizan-Aman town, Southwest Ethiopia.
Methods: The study was conducted in Kometa sub-locality which is located in Mizan-Aman town, Bench Maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Community based cross sectional study design was conducted among randomly selected child bearing age women. Single population proportion formula was used to calculate sample size. The sample was 220. Data was collected using structured questionnaire developed based on the objective of the study after thorough review of different literatures. The collected data was analyzed and presented by tables and charts. Data was collected by trained health science students.
Results: About one-third 66(31.58%) of the study respondents were between the age of 20-24 years. The majority of the respondents were married 172(82.29%). More than half were housewives 109(55.02%). Almost one quarter of the respondents 52(24.88%) had no education. Among 209 respondents 160(76.56%) women gave birth more than three times and 84(40.02%) had more than three children. Majority 110(52.63%) of the respondents’ age at first marriage was between age of 15-19 years and age at first delivery was between 20-24 years 109(52.15%). Regarding the place of delivery, nearly two-third of respondents 139(66.50%) delivered at health facility and nearly one-third of the respondents 70(33.50%) delivered at home: of those who delivered at home only 5(7.14%) were assisted by skilled personnel and 58(82.86%) did not know the effect of home delivery. Out of all the respondents only 102(48.80%) decided place of delivery by themselves. Out of all the respondents who were asked about the next place of delivery 23(11.00%) and 186(89.00%) wanted to give birth at home and health facility respectively.
Conclusion: The prevalence of institutional delivery was high. This could be achieved due to high ANC utilization. Therefore efforts should be made to sustain ANC utilization in the study area.