Jaspaljeet Singh Dhillon
With the rapid advancement in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), many healthcare facilities are making significant investments in these technologies that have been shown to have a positive effect on patient health outcomes, such as lower error rates and increased patient safety as well as time savings for health professionals. Healthcare systems involve the cooperation of multiple healthcare professionals and disciplines. The quality and safety of treatment in such a setting relies heavily on the ability to share information from one device to another, and from one person to another. However, in healthcare environments, information systems that also support a fast and efficient flow of information along healthcare processes are not widely used. Healthcare organizations typically have their own self-developed information systems that do not accept the cooperation of different organizational units. This paper introduces some general trends of design for the Healthcare Information Systems databases. Our focus is on generalizing the ability of the database structure, which is capable of serving many medical specialties, without any comprehension. In this paper, we would focus on exploring existing Information Systems that are used in current times according to the branches of Healthcare Industry. We also would be discussing and critically analyzing each Information Systems based on previous articles and empirical studies.