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Socio-economic Determinants of Access to and Utilization of Contraception among Rural Women in Uganda: The Case of Wakiso District

Deborah Sarah Nakirijja, XU Xuili and Mark Ivan Kayiso

Background: There's dependably an assurance that when you train a woman, a full country is trained. In matters of reproductive health, women are generally influenced because of their key parts in child birth and nurturing. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals states change of maternal health through decreasing maternal mortality by seventy five percent (75%) and accomplish all inclusive access to reproductive health (Contraceptive prevalence rate) and this demonstrates the high need for enhancing women's health since they are generally affected simultaneously. In Uganda, the yearly population rate is 3.2% and it’s one of the most striking in the world (UDHS, 2016) and this is because of the high fertility rates which have handled her in a condition of amazing poverty, putting the government in high consumptions than investment funds. High population growth rates accompany a great deal of unfavorable impacts that put the nation at danger of unemployment and under development combined with other related components. Methods: The major aim of the study was to examine the access and utilization of Contraceptive use among rural women in Uganda, with special emphasis on Namasuba village, Wakiso District. It focused on both key informants (health care providers) and rural women, combined with a couple of male respondents incorporated into the study. The study used a sample of 85 respondents. Rural Women were 55; key informants were 10 and 20 male respondents with mostly qualitative techniques, however quantitative strategies were obtained to decide the prevalence in use of contraceptive methods. Data collection strategies included personal interviews and key informant interviews which were unstructured, and documentation. Results: As per the study findings, a scope of social and economic components can impact women's access to Contraception. This implies that negative circumstances that block access to information accordingly from the above are not positive for rural women to Contraceptive use. These circumstances may include segregation or stereotyping, isolation and denial of information on the availability of contraception provided on the market. These results further revealed that rural women, who knew about contraceptives and their use, used such learning to care for themselves and living a safe sexual life. The study was mostly ruled by 20-24 female age groups. Conclusion: In terms of possible approaches to enhance access and utilization of Contraceptive use, respondents suggested that modern contraceptives ought to be provided free of charge and extended out to the household level through community outreaches and dialogues, changing the undesirable attitudes towards women's access to these contraceptives particularly the opposing generalizations labeled to them as promiscuous. On the basis of findings and interpretations made, further areas of assessment were recommended to cover the significance of use of Contraceptive use among women, and how their utilization can affect contrastingly on the development process of the country and women empowerment health wise.