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The Impact of Visceral Fat and Blood Flow Velocity in Hypertensive Subjects Running Head: The Impact of Visceral Fat and Blood Flow Velocity

A Rahman Rasyada, Hamdon Zulaika, Masatake Akutagawa, Takahiro Emoto, Yohsuke Kinouchi, Azran Azhim

Objective: The aim of study is to assess health condition using data from blood flow velocity (BFV) measurement. We investigate the impact of different visceral fat (VF) level on BFV in normotensive and hypertensive subjects to predict health risk.

Methods: A total of 125 individuals were classified into three groups according to their level of VF and blood pressure. We assess blood velocity waveforms in common carotid artery using developed portable Doppler ultrasound system with real-time monitoring.

Results: Hypertensive subjects had higher VF level than normotensive subjects (p=0.001). Higher VF group had significant lower velocity features in peak systolic, peak diastolic and vascular elastic recoil. Velocity reflection index was significantly higher in higher VF group than lower VF group.

Conclusion: In conclusion, BFV waveforms and its indices are strongly associated with VF accumulation among normotensive and hypertensive subjects. The data are valuable reference for evaluating health condition, monitoring development of hypertension and disease prevention.