Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Research

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The Relationship between Ventricular Repolarization Indexes and Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Slow Coronary Flow

Arif Suner, Erdogan Yasar, Hakan Kaya, Sedat Koroglu, Abdulmecit Afsin, Durdu Eren Cabioglu, Mehmet Akgongor, Mustafa Yolcu, Kader Elis Sahin and Sabri Abus

Objective: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is characterized by angiographically normal coronary arteries with delayed opacification of the distal vasculature. The peak to the end of the electrocardiographic T wave (Tp-e) may correspond to the transmural dispersion of repolarization and that increased Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio are associated with ventricular arrhythmias. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a new inflammatory marker using for cardiovascular risk prediction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between ventricular repolarization and inflammation in patients with SCF.

Methods: Forty-six SCF patients and 44 controls were enrolled to the study. Coronary flow rates were measured by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame count (TFC). Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were measured from a 12-lead electrocardiogram, and Tp-e interval was corrected for heart rate (cTp-e). NLR was calculated as the ratio of neutrophil to lymphocyte count. These parameters were compared between groups.

Results: Corrected Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were significantly higher in SCF patients (94.5 ± 14.9 vs 88.1 ± 6.3 ms, 0.23 ± 0.03 vs 0.21 ± 0.02; P=0.009, and P=0.002, respectively). Also, NLR was increased in SCF patients (2.40 ± 0.9 vs 1.67 ± 0.5, P<0.001). The cTp-e was significantly correlated with mean TFC and NLR (r=0.50, p<0.001 and, r=0.37, p<0.001, respectively). Tp-e/QT ratio was significantly correlated with mean TFC and NLR (r=0.48, P<0.001 and r=0.28, P=0.006, respectively).

Conclusion: Our study revealed that cTp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were increased in SCF patients. These new electrocardiographic ventricular repolarization indexes were significantly correlated with the mean TFC and NLR.