Journal of Universal Surgery

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Thyroid Surgery: Thyroidectomy

Melih Kaptanoglu*

Incidence rates of thyroid cancer have increased substantially worldwide in the past several decades. Thus, diseases of the thyroid gland and their treatment remain one of the most interesting and dynamic areas of study in medicine [1]. This chapter presents a clear and concise description of current thought and practice concerning the surgical treatment of thyroid diseases. Sections within this chapter include normal and abnormal anatomy and embryology of the thyroid and surrounding neck structures indications for operation of benign lesions of this gland diagnosis of thyroid nodules, stressing the use of fine needle aspiration with cytologic analysis preparation for operation and care of patients with Graves’ disease surgical approaches for treatment of the different types of thyroid cancer operative techniques for thyroidectomy including descriptions of standard open, minimally invasive, endoscopic, robotic and transoral approaches complications of thyroidectomy and their treatment and developmental abnormalities of the thyroid and their treatment [2]. This chapter offers information for physicians and endocrinologists, as well as for surgeons.

Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of your thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. It produces hormones that control every aspect of your metabolism, from your heart rate to how quickly you burn calories [3].

Thyroidectomy is used to treat thyroid disorders, such as cancer, noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) and overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

Published Date: 2022-07-30; Received Date: 2022-07-01