Archives of Medicine

  • ISSN: 1989-5216
  • Journal h-index: 22
  • Journal CiteScore: 4.96
  • Journal Impact Factor: 4.44
  • Average acceptance to publication time (5-7 days)
  • Average article processing time (30-45 days) Less than 5 volumes 30 days
    8 - 9 volumes 40 days
    10 and more volumes 45 days
Awards Nomination 20+ Million Readerbase
Indexed In
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Proquest Summons
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
  • Google Scholar
  • Secret Search Engine Labs
Share This Page

Invasion factor variability as a basis for Listeria monocytogenes highly virulent strain development

Joint Event on 9th Edition of International Conference on Environmental Science &Technology & 48th World Congress on Microbiology & 50th International Congress on Nursing Care
June 24-25, 2019 Moscow, Russia

Svetlana Ermolaeva

Gamalei Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Russia

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Arch Med


Background & Aim: The gram positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is a soil-borne human and animal pathogen that circulates in natural foci of infection. It could be transmitted to anthropogenic environment to establish foci of infection at farms and food industry plants. Most of listeriosis cases in humans are caused by a few clonal complexes. Meanwhile, majority of L. monocytogenes strains carry the same set of major virulence factors. We suggested that highly virulent strains carry specific variants of major virulence factors. Particularly, the invasion factors of the internalin family, InlA and InlB that provide crossing the intestinal barrier, could be better adapted in highly virulent strains. The purpose of this study was to check this hypothesis on the model of the invasion factor InlB.

Methodology: InlB variability was analyzed on a laboratory collection of 65 L. monocytogenes strains and compared with data available from GeneBank. Predominant InlB isoforms were used to complement inlB deletion in EGDeΔinlB strain. Virulence was assessed in cell invasion assay and a mouse model. Purified InlB isoforms were characterized by SEC and fluorescence.

Findings: Four InlB variants were prevalent among L. monocytogenes. Being cloned in EGDeΔinlB, all variants restored invasion in mammalian cells. After intragastric infection, the strain carrying InlB variant Var14 was the best and showed 40-fold higher loads in the liver, persistance in Peyer’s patches and stimulated lower levels of INFgamma. Var14 was the only InlB isoform that provided perinatal infection. All purified InlB isoforms activated c-Met but differed in kinetics Erk1/2 and Akt signaling pathways InlB isoforms differed in protein stability. Conclusion & Significance: InlB isoforms differently affected L. monocytogenes virulence due to differences in their biological and physicochemical properties.

Results: The work supported the hypothesis about virulence factor variability as a basement of highly virulent strains arising.

Recent Publications

1. Wiedmann M (2003) ADSA Foundation Scholar Award—an integrated science - based approach to dairy food safety: Listeria monocytogenes as a model system. J Dairy Sci. 86(6):1865-75.

2. Ragon M, Wirth T, Hollandt F, Lavenir R, Lecuit M, Le Monnier A and Brisse S (2008) A new perspective on Listeria monocytogenes evolution. PLoS Pathog. 4(9):e1000146.

3. Nightingale K K, Windham K and Wiedmann M (2005) Evolution and molecular phylogeny of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from human and animal listeriosis cases and foods. J Bacteriol. 187(16)5537-51.

4. Sobyanin K, Sysolyatina E, Krivozubov M, Chalenko Y, Karyagina A and Ermolaeva S (2017) Naturally occurring InlB variants that support intragastric Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 364(3).

Biography :

Svetlana Ermolaeva has her expertise in Molecular Microbiology of soil borne pathogens. Particularly, Listeria monocytogenes and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis are in the focus of her research. Her studies are focused on molecular mechanism of virulence and evolution of these pathogens. Application of physical methods for non-specific eradication of pathogenic microorganisms is the second field of her research.