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Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience

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Relative risk factors of Bell’s palsy among Sudanese patients in Khartoum state 2016

17th Global Neuroscience Conference
OCTOBER 16-17, 2017 OSAKA, JAPAN

Amira Elaalem and Omer El-Adil

Al-Neelain University-Chinese Friendship Hospital, Sudan
International University of Africa, Sudan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Neurol Neurosci

Abstract:

Background & Aim: Bellâ??s palsy is the idiopathic seventh cranial nerve palsy. It is the most common cause of abrupt onset of unilateral facial weakness. The natural history of Bellâ??s palsy is encouraging for most of the patients since total recovery of facial function is expected nevertheless additional long term poor outcomes occur in minority of them and can be devastating. Currently, no cause for Bellâ??s palsy has been identified in the literature, but in Sudan there were very few information can be retrieved. The overall objective of the study was to assess the potential relative risk factors of Bellâ??s palsy in Sudanese patients. Methodology: This is analytic case control multicenter based study, conducted in Khartoum state physiotherapy centers (three in hospital and seven in private sectors) July-November 2016. The sample size was 70 cases of Bellâ??s palsy and 140 controls from the same sample area. The cases that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were collected by a method of total coverage during the working hours. Well-constructed questionnaires were filled during the interview by a trained physiotherapist. The collected data was then analyzed using SPSS software program, version 20. Results: The result showed the statistically significant factors (p value<0.05) are: Recurrence of Bellâ??s palsy ten times more in affected patients, the hereditary factor 2.5 times more in affected patients. In contrast to the other factors was non statistical significance (p value>0.05) are recent vaccination, pregnancy, diabetes, hypertension, chronic diseases, immunosuppressive drugs, smoking and alcohol. Conclusion: The study concluded that, statistical significant factors are frequency of recurrence of Bellâ??s palsy, genetic susceptibility. The rest of risk factors were statistical non-significant. We recommend more studies to be done to determine the type of inheritance in Sudan and study the cause of recurrence.

Biography :

Amira Elaalem has completed her Master’s degree in Neurology Physiotherapy and BSc in Physiotherapy at Al-Neelain University Faculty of Medicine and Health Science and currently pursuing MBBS degree.