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Archives of Medicine

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Targeting abnormal chondrocytes dedifferentiation and loss of pericellular matrix in osteoarthritis

Joint Event On World Congress on Novel Trends and Advances in Biotechnology, Cell & Stem Cell Research & 15th Annual Congress on Pediatrics
November 28-29, 2018 Barcelona, Spain

Marina Danalache, Maik Schwitalle, Ulf Krister Hofmann

Laboratory of Cell Biology, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Tubingen, Germany Medical Faculty of the University of Tubingen, Germany Winghofer Medicum, Germany Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of T├?┬╝bingen, Germany

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Arch Med

Abstract:

Statement of the Research: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex degenerative joint disease that advances with pain, deformity, and gradual loss of joint function and leads, if untreated, to severe disability of the affected individual. During osteoarthritis chondrocytes seem to change their spatial arrangement from single to double strings, small and big clusters. Since the pericellular matrix (PCM) appears to degrade alongside this reorganisation, it has been suggested that spatial patterns act as an image-based biomarker for osteoarthritis. Aim of the present study was to investigate the biochemical changes of the main PCM components perlecan collagen type III, and biglycan as a function of spatial chondrocyte organisation. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Cartilage samples from the main loading zone of femoral condyles obtained from patients receiving total knee arthroplasty were cut and sorted according to their locally predominant spatial cellular pattern. On these sorted specimens qualitative analyses were performed by immunofluorescence microscopy. Local protein content was measured by means of ELISA. Results: All investigated proteins showed clear differences in spatial distribution and protein content according to the locally predominant spatial cellular pattern, the only exception being collagen type III. Perlecan and biglycan showed a significant decrease in the course of the change from strings to big clusters. For perlecan, the fluorescence signal that was originally well defined pericellularly, later presented with a diffuse and not well localised signal. Conclusion & Significance: With the exception of collagen type III, two essential and main components of the PCM suffer significant degenerative changes in the course of spatial cellular rearrangement. This loss of coordinated expression and integration of these proteins into the matrix will entail changes not only in the microbiomechanic characteristics of the PCM, but probably also in the translation from mechanical stimuli into a coordinated signaling response inside the cell.

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