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Archives in Cancer Research

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Transabdominal sonography of the small and large intestines

Joint Event on 5th Edition of International Conference on Clinical Oncology and Molecular Diagnostics & 5th World Congress on Medical Imaging & Clinical Research
June 17-18, 2019 Rome, Italy

Vikas Leelavati Balasaheb Jadhav

D Y Patil University, India

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Arch Cancer Res

Abstract:

Transabdominal sonography of the small and large intestines can reveal following diseases such as bacterial and viral enterocolitis. An ulcer, whether it is superficial, deep with risk of impending perforation, perforated, sealed perforation, chronic ulcer and post-healing fibrosis and stricture, polyps and diverticulum, benign intra-mural tumors, intra-mural haematoma, ascariasis, foreign body, necrotizing enterocolitis, tuberculosis, intussusception, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Complications of an inflammatory bowel disease include perforation and stricture. Neoplastic lesion is usually a segment involvement and shows irregularly thickened, hypo-echoic and aperistaltic wall with loss of normal layering pattern. It is usually a solitary stricture and has eccentric irregular luminal narrowing. It shows loss of normal gut signature and enlargement of the involved segment seen. Shouldering effect at the ends of stricture is most common feature. Primary arising from wall itself and secondary are invasion from adjacent malignancy or distant metastasis. All these cases are compared and proved with gold standards like surgery and endoscopy. Some extra efforts taken during all routine or emergent ultrasonography examinations can be an effective non-invasive method to diagnose primarily hitherto unsuspected benign and malignant gastro-intestinal tract lesions should be the choice of the investigation.

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