Health Science Journal

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An Evaluation of Dose and Sourcedependent Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Trigonellafoenum-graecum against Diabetes Using Alloxan-Induced Rat Model

Mafruha Kumkum, Chandni Akter Rokeya, Md. Rafat Tahsin, Ehfazul Haque, Tanzia Islam Tithi, Jakir Ahmed Chowdhury, Shaila Kabir, Abu Asad Choudhury and Md. Shah Amran

Metabolic disorder diabetes results from an alteration of the secretion or action of insulin. Trigonella foenum-graecum is a traditionally used specimen since ancient times. We aimed to investigate the hypoglycemic potential of ethanolic extract of T. foenum-graecum seed powder solution both in a dose and source-dependent manner as well as to fathom out its safety profile so that this plant can be used to ameliorate diabetes. Diabetes was induced in the rat model via intraperitoneal injection of alloxan (150 mg/kg). Ethanolic extract of T. foenum-graecum was administered to rats’ belonged to different groups. Blood glucose levels were assessed periodically and the safety profiles were evaluated through assessment of SGOT, SGPT, creatinine, and lipid profiles after sacrificing the animals. It has been evidenced that T. foenum-graecum possesses anti-diabetic activity. Furthermore, the extract is capable of reversing the disturbed pathological state towards a healthy status. Besides, these therapeutic consequences possess dose-dependent potentiality (p<0.05), further a noteworthy source dependent (p<0.01) response were experienced. It may confer that the inconsistency associated with the remedial impacts between 2 same doses belonged to two distinct sources are due to accuracy of lab-based preparation, geographic area of cultivation, and also the season of collection. Apart from that, the visual and statistical inspections have evidence that the medium and the high dose are imparting almost indistinguishable therapeutic effects. Presumably, the reason lies beneath the receptor saturation issue.