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Abstract

Consider the Difficulties and Methods that Link the Security of Shellfish to Eating

Uzoma Usman*

Seafood plays an important role in improving food security for the Inuit Nunangut. This scoping review therefore aims to examine issues and issues that have been extensively explored in the literature on barriers and pathways linking seafood to food security where research, policy and action gaps exist. How do fisheries contribute to food security today? A systematic search for peer-reviewed articles was conducted using six databases. Eligible studies included a major study investigating the role of seafood in food security conducted in Inuit Nunangut. 31 items were included in the review. Overall, we find that fisheries can affect food security through direct pathways (consumption of fish as food) and indirect pathways, such as increasing household purchasing power through employment. Research shows that strategies related to wildlife and fisheries management need to be integrated with food and health policies to address food insecurity among the Inuit of Nunangut. Future research is needed to better understand the different mechanisms by which seafood harvesting and participation in commercial fishing reduce household food insecurity.

Keywords

Seafood; fisheries; Arctic; Arctic Canada; wildlife management

Published Date: 2023-02-28; Received Date: 2023-02-02