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Abstract

Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic in Fisheries and Fisherman of Rural Area

Sayan Mandal* and Basudev Mandal

Since, December 31 2019, pandemic COVID-19 has made the world immobilized by its health, education and economic shock. By observing different multidimensional effect of corona virus, on January 30 2020 World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 as a worldwide emergency. In order to reduce the spread of corona virus, the Indian government on March 24, 2020 imposed, three week continues nationwide lockdown. Instead of country wise lockdown, the spread of the virus was out of control, in that point of view government extend the period of lockdown. A study by Oxford shows that more than 1 millions of people losses their jobs. The International Monetary Fund has estimated that, economic progress of India at 1.9% in 2020-2021 (Livemint, 2020). Rate of unemployment in India’s might point to 23% (India Today, 2020) [1-3]. India is an agriculture-based country, where more than 60 percent of people directly or indirectly depends on the agriculture. Side by side Fisheries sector escalating up very rapidly. In all over the world India rank second in fish producing country, with 6.56% of total global production. In India about 14.5 million people of the country are involved in fisheries and its allied sectors activities (NFDB). As COVID-19 pandemic hits more than 170 countries has cancelled the order in the export market and trades has dropped below 20%-40%. So, in this pandemic situation a survey has been carried out in four village of Nadia district namely Fulkalmi