Mohamed Zouari, Hamdi Louati , Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Imen Abid and Riadh Mhiri
Primary peritonitis is defined as peritoneal infection without an evident intra peritoneal septic focus. In the absence of these conditions, primary peritonitis is exceptional, and only few cases were reported in the literature. Here we report two cases of primary peritonitis in immunocompetent children. Although rarely encountered, primary peritonitis should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain in children.